Forklift Inspection before Operation

Remember that before anyone operates a forklift, they must receive proper forklift safety training.

Pre-Operational Forklift Inspection

It requires all forklifts be examined at least once a day before they are placed into service. If a forklift is used around the clock, then inspections must occur after every shift.

The forklift operator should preform two inspections:

  • Pre-operational visual inspection with key off
  • Operational inspection with engine running

We’ll cover both inspections in this section, starting with the pre-operational inspection.

If the forklift operator determines that the forklift needs repair or servicing as a result of the inspection(s), the forklift must be immediately removed from service.

General Pre-Operational Inspection Items

Before the forklift is turned on, visually inspect the following:

  • Oil level
  • Water level
  • Hydraulic fluid level
  • Hydraulic hoses (look for leaks, cracks, or any other defects)
  • Mast chains (look for cracks, breaks, or any other defects). Use a stick or similar device to check the chain tension. The forklift operator should never place a hand into the mast.
  • Tires, including condition and pressure (be sure to inspect for cuts and gouges)
  • Forks (check the condition, including the top clip retaining pin and heel
  • Loaded backrest extension
  • Finger guards
  • Safety decals and nameplates (make sure they are all in place and legible; check that the information on the nameplate matches the model and service numbers and attachments)
  • Operator manual (make sure it’s there on the truck and that it’s legible and complete–no missing or torn pages, etc.)
  • Operator compartment (check for debris, grease, etc.)
  • Safety belt and all other safety devices (make sure they’re all working properly)

Starting the Forklift

Don’t try to start the forklift before you’ve completed the pre-operational inspection. Once that’s done, start the forklift and then prepare to complete the operational forklift inspection before driving off.

Operational Forklift Inspection

After the pre-operational inspection (with key off) is complete and you’ve mounted the forklift, it’s time for a operational forklift inspection.

You’ll conduct this second inspection with the engine running. During the operational inspection, check:

  • Accelerator linkage
  • Inch control (if present)
  • Brakes
  • Steering
  • Drive control, including both forward and reverse
  • Tilt control, including forward and back
  • Hoist and lowering control
  • Attachment control
  • Horn
  • Lights
  • Back-up alarm (if present)
  • Hour meter

In addition to all of the above, observe for unusual noises or vibrations. If you detect any, report them immediately.

Since its foundation, Xiamen Impetus Industrial Co., Ltd has ranked as one of the world’s leading manufacturers of material handling equipment and solution providers for intralogistics. The company is located in the Xiamen, Special Economic Zone in China, with a production base of 30,000 square meters and an annual output value of more than 20 million dollars. We are proud of the talented and experienced technical team from international top brands which always makes it possible for us to serve our clients with value-added proposal. Integrating our stable supply chain and high-quality resources, we have full confidence to offer you optimized solutions with best cost performance.

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